Git is a distributed versioning control system for handling projects of all sizes with speed and efficiency.
It is very easy to learn even if you have minimum experience with Linux.
You can use for example GitHub repository for hosting your projects or you can create your own repository on VPS.
And that is what are we going to do now, build our own Git repository.
To find out more about Git, go to our tutorial with basic Git operations
1. Install Git
sudo apt-get install git
2. Add user for your repository
After we installed git, we need to add group for our git user:
sudo groupadd git
Then add user to group git:
sudo useradd -G git gituser
And finally set password for our user:
sudo passwd gituser
Enter password for your user and you’re done with this step.
3. Create public Git repository
Go to apache web directory:
And make a new folder for your repository:
sudo mkdir repository.git
Now we need to set some permissions to secure our repository:
sudo chmod -R g+ws repository.git
sudo chgrp -R git repository.git
4. Initialize Git repository
Go to repository directory:
Type following command to initialize bare git repository in this folder:
git --bare init
You need to run the following command to make repository shared:
sudo git config core.sharedRepository true
5. Test your new repository
Before we begin, you need SSH access to your server.
If you don’t know how to setup SSH access, see our SSH Server tutorial.
You can use any Git tool or some IDE for testing repository.
I will use PHPStorm in this tutorial to test repository (see PHPStorm Installation).
Go to VCS > Checkout from Version Control > Git
For Git Repository URL type:
For Parent Directory type:
Note: Use path for your projects, this is an example
For Directory Name type:
Note: This is example, you can type any name you like for your cloned repository
When you’re finished, the window should look like this:
After that click on Clone button.
Type password for your gituser you created in Section 2.
Your repository will be cloned if everything went fine.
You can now add some files and try to Push to your repository to see if everything is working.
If Push command succeeded, your repository is ready for use.